11 Unsolved Mysteries of Space

Space is the boundless three-dimensional extent in which objects and events have relative position and direction. We now know that our galaxy alone holds hundreds of billions of stars and that the visible universe contains at least hundred billion galaxies. In the last six years we have discovered nearly 2000 planets beyond our solar system. It is now estimated that there are tens of billions of habitable planets in our galaxy alone other in on which madden energy become alive in or aware. We have only just begun to open our eyes. It was only four centuries ago, we began to use science to reveal nature’s secrets and her laws. It’s time for major international effort to unlock great unanswered mysteries of life in universe. Below are the top unsolved mysteries of space. That will provoke thought and leave you wanting for the solution. Perhaps someone among us will one day solve some of these mysteries and become a famous scientist renowned for their discovery.

Why does titan have an atmosphere?

Though titan may not be the biggest moon in our solar system, it is the only one to have an atmosphere. Extending 600 kilometers above the moon, the atmosphere is composed primarily of nitrogen, making it similar to earth. As such is seen as a key place to search for signs of alien life. Some believe the atmosphere could have formed due to the planet’s distance from the sun. This follows that during formation volatile gases became trapped in ice on the cold moon, and later created an atmosphere.

Satoshi Tomizu's impression of universe in glass ball

 

Where are the missing baryons?

While it’s estimated that 95% of the universe is composed of dark matter and dark energy, the remaining 5% is assumed to be made up of baryonic matter – the term for particles such as protons and neutrons. However scientists have only ever been able to record half of this matter, meaning of 2.5% of the universe is seemingly missing. In 2012 scientists discovered a gas cloud surrounding the Milky Way with a temperature equivalent to 400 times the surface of the sun. They suggested the missing particles could be hiding in similar dense clouds across the universe.

 

Where do high-energy cosmic ray come from?

Physicists at the Large Hadron Collider smash together particles at high energies, hoping to make new discoveries, yet every day high-energy cosmic rays end life by colliding with earth’s atmosphere. Each carries tens of millions times the kinetic energy of the particles accelerated around the LHC. If understood these collisions could provide us with an entirely new branch of physics, yet we don’t know where they come from. In 2007 scientists believed these rays, like their low-energy counterparts, were made from protons, which were accelerated by super-massive black holes. Alternatively, they may have begun life in the Milky Way as atomic nuclei expelled by ancient starbursts.

 

Where did Saturn’s rings come from?

Stretching over 73 000 kilometers the rings around Saturn have been the source of disagreement for decades. One theory states the matter circling the planet is the debris of a moon which could have collided with an object or been torn apart by the planet’s tidal stresses. However others believe that the rings are constantly replenished. This is supported by the discovery that one of the rings, known as the e-ring is frequently refreshed by material spewed out by cryvolcanoes on a nearby moon.

saturn-rings

What is dark energy?

Dark energy accounts for a huge part of the universe’s composition, yet we know very little about it. In the late 90s scientists hoping to examine the slowing rate of universal expansion found the opposite was actually true expansion was accelerating, seemingly thanks to undetectable dark energy. This theory is known as Quintessence, it hypothesizes that there is a negative dark energy field which overpowers gravity, causing matter to repel away from each other, and this making the universe expand.

 

What are the Fermi bubbles?

Two huge bubbles of Gamma Ray Emissions were discovered floating above and below the Milky Way in 2010. Stretching over 50 000 light years (4.730365e+17 kilometer) the incredibly bright bubbles span over half the visible sky. However their cause is unknown. Previously hidden by a fog of gamma-rays, one theory suggests that the bubbles could be expanding jets of matter accelerated out from black holes.

Fermi bubbles

Are we alone in the universe?

In 1996 US president Bill Clinton publicly announced that fossilized microbes had been found in a fallen Martian Meteorite. His claims where widely dismissed as unfounded, with scientists claiming the marks taken to be fossils could be the result of nonbiological processes. In spite of this NASA claimed in 2015 that we are likely to have proof within 30 years. In 1961 the astronomer Frank Drake created an equation to estimate the number of civilization in our galaxy. Following this there could be anywhere between 2 and 50 000 civilizations.

 

Where are the white holes?

Einstein’s Field Equation suggest space should be home to white holes which spew out of matter. Though mathematical logic supports this, we are still looking evidence of their existence. One suggestion claims that they may have the same radiation levels as other cosmic phenomena meaning that we may have mistakenly recorded them as something else.

The EFE (Einstein Field Equation) usually written in form

R_{\mu\nu} - {1 \over 2} {R g_{\mu\nu}} + \Lambda g_{\mu\nu} = 8 \pi {G \over c^4} T_{\mu\nu}

 

Where did galaxies come from?

There are 2 theories as to how the galaxies began. One suggests that stars and planet’s formed individually before gravitating into groups to form galaxies. And the other states that huge areas of the gas and dust condensed into super galaxies, before fragmenting into smaller groups which eventually became separate galaxies, including our milky way. Though telescopes show us the early days of the universe, in order to answer this mystery we would need an instrument able to capture the universe just 1 hundreds million years into being.

galaxies of the universe

The Origin of Universe?

The origin of human life and creation of the universe has been the subject of incredible debate and study since dawn of history. Many scientist and astronauts explain that the creation of the universe by the model of the Big Bang Theory. Despite an incredible study scientific study, none of the theory is proven yet. Scientist at the Large Hadron Collider discovered the Higgs Boson particle, which they believe that they are closer to proving the Big Bang Theory and other parts of the universe’s origin theories.

Portal Connecting Universe?

The study of the connecting universe is completely based on the Quantum Teleportation. The quantum teleportation it deemed to be successful in relocating the ‘quantum state’ of relatively small objects across spatial distances but did not succeed in replicating the original object which was destroyed in the process.

“In q-Teleportation it is the quantum states of the objects that are destroyed and recreated, and not the objects themselves. Therefore, q-Teleportation cannot teleport animate or inanimate matter (or energy) in its physical entirety. However, some experts argue that because an object’s quantum state is its defining characteristic, teleporting its quantum state is completely equivalent to teleporting the object”

Scientist revealed that the q-Teleportation has been successful on smaller scale. This opens gateways for cosmologists to think whether the undefinable black holes and white holes are the “in” and “out” of portals connecting different universes or different locations within our universe?

Ivory Soda

'Ello there!, I do WordPress stuff, in love with Windows 10 & Lumia (Yes! Still Lumia). I also write about Microsoft & Technology for various publications.

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