A Historical Modern City: Mohenjo-Daro
Mohenjo-Daro was one of the ancient Indian cities in the world. It is located in India (presumably referring to ancient India), but since the creation of Pakistan in 1947. Now site is in the Larkana District of Sindh, Pakistan. The name of Mohenjo-Daro is widely recognized as one of the most significant early cities of South Asia and the Indus Civilization. The site was constructed around 2600 BCE. Mohenjo Daro is the modern name of site which means “Mound of the Dead” in Sindhi language. But the original name of the site is still unknown. But according to some analytical suggest its real name in Dravidian language is kukkutarma.
Mohenjo Daro is the well known site for its construction. The site was discovered in 1922 by R. D. Banerji, an officer of the Archaeological Survey of India. Large-scale excavations were carried out at the site under the direction of John Marshall, K. N. Dikshit, Ernest Mackay, and numerous other directors through the 1930s. In this excavation they found many relics which related to Indus Valley Civilization. They found a bronze statuette dubbed the “Dancing Girl”, relics of dead body of people, copper and stone tools, gold and jasper jewelry, children’s toys, carved seals and many others.
Mohenjo-Daro was one of the greatest cities in view of arrangement. It had come upon in “Harappa Culture”. Because of flood and humidity, houses were built on high platform. There were two types of construction of houses.
(1) 2 floors and 5-7 rooms which was for rich people
(2) 1 floor and 2-3 rooms which was for middle class people
The gates of houses were in lane. There was constructed a big high wall around the whole town. There were approx 35,000 houses in the town at that time. There was row of 20 houses which was founded during digging. There was also many large buildings in the Mohenjo-Daro include a “Pillared Hall”, “College Hall”, a complex of building comprising 78 rooms, thought to have been a priestly residence. Pillared Hall was used for assembly hall, entertainment hall, administration or state’s granary.
Mohenjo-Daro’s roads were very wide. Roads were almost 9.75 meter long, at 90° every small road was met wide road. So many big vehicles could pass simply at one time. The roads were constructed like that because of the wind scattering, rubbish which on the road was automatically cleaned. There were dug pits beside road on definite distance. These pits were dug for pillars. Some people think that it was used for street-light. In short, the arrangement of the Mohenjo-Daro’s roads was comfortable, well-managed and latest.
Let’s talk about Mohenjo-Daro’s drainage arrangement. Mohenjo-Daro’s drainage arrangement was world’s best drainage arrangement. It was not make out in any other culture of foreign countries at that time. The water came out from houses and went to in the main drainage. In the end, the water of the main drainage flowed out of the city. In each house, cesspool was available at that time. When cesspool is overflow than water went in the main drainage through the small drainage automatically. At the some distance drainage cover was made in the whole city. This type of drainage arrangement is not presented in the world excluding the Crypt Island which is the part of the Mediterranean…!!! Thus, we can say that Mohenjo-Daro’s people were aware about their health.
A big swimming pool also comes upon through the Mohenjo-Daro. A big swimming pool also founded during excavation. The whole area contains 54.80 meter long and 32.90 meter wide. The Swimming Pool has 12.10 meter long, 7.0 meter width and 2.42 meter depth. And there were also some rooms around the pool for changing clothes.
There is no surviving evidence of architectural elaboration. Sometime I was thinks like that before approx 4500 year ago how they made this type of city. Were they took any type of help? Then who was helped them? Is Alien helped them or god was helped them? I mean the architect of the city was such a brilliant. Isn’t it? Who destroy the whole city and why? Was Alien destroyed it? Or it was destroyed by any other type of natural calamity? I say this because some evidence proved that Mohenjo-Daro was suffered from many floods.
The archaeological importance of Mohenjo-Daro was designated a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Site in 1980. Mohenjo-Daro was the largest city of the Indus civilization. Mohenjo-Daro is the superlative example for ancient architecture. Mohenjo-Daro will also know for its architecture.