Dawn To Demise of The Roman Empire: 1. The Founding of Rome
This is the first article in the series of Dawn To Demise of The Roman Empire. I recommend you to read all the article one by one. I will set up the links once I publish all the article.
In the history of the Western Europe Roman Empire was a priori the most significant political entity. It Widespread widely, in present day Scotland to Gibraltar and from the Rhineland to the Black Sea, Turkey and all the North Africa, from the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahara Desert. In fact, every shore upon which the Mediterranean waters lapped was Roman territory. It was said to be that one in every four people on earth lived and died under the Roman law.
The Roman was founded in 753 BC. The founding of Rome stories was handed down by the Roman people threw the legend and myth. Roman political organization, Roman literature and even Roman alphabet, greatly influenced the succeeding cultures of Europe and the Americas, and these influences can still be seen today. Yet, before there was a Roman Empire, there was Rome, a city on the western side of the Italian peninsula. Legend has long held that Rome was founded on 21st of April 753 BC, a fact confirmed by archaeological evidence.
According to legend, there were two brothers, Amulius and his brother Ascanius, who was the king of Lavinicum (Now central Italy). Amulius killed his brother after that his brother’s sons and claimed the regime. This plan succeeded until Ascanius’ daughter, Rhea Silvia had twin sons. Amulius ordered her jailed and the twins thrown into the Tiber River. They survived, however, and came to be nursed by a she-wolf. Faustulus (a herdsman) found boys and “rescued” them from the wolf. He and his wife (Acca Larentia) named them Romulus and Remus, and raised them to adulthood. After that twins later became leaders of a band of young shepherd warriors. In, or about, 753 BC, the two brothers founded a new city on the Palatine Hill, now located in modern Rome.
After learning their true identity, they attacked Alba Longa, killed the wicked Amulius, and restored their grandfather to the throne. Later on both decided to found a town on the site where they had been saved as infants. They soon became involved in a petty quarrel. Some years later Remus was slain by his brother. Then Romulus became ruler of all the empire, which named “Rome” later on.
The city, now named Rome after Romulus, grew in importance, and Romulus undertook policy of empire-building that involved annexing adjacent lands by coercion or conquest. This was the beginning of an empire that would last a thousand years.
There is another story of founding of Rome. Few Greek historians speculated that Aeneas settled at Rome, which was then still a small city-state, in about fifth century BC. After that in the fourth century B.C., Rome began to expand empire in the Italian peninsula. And at another side Romans, coming into greater contact with the Greeks, embraced the suggestion that Aeneas had a role in the foundation of their great city. Aeneas’ journey to Rome was told in the Roman poet Virgil (written in the first century BC), it developed the Aeneas myth.
So this is how The Roman Empire started. And by time by time it expanded. It would take about 500 years before the Romans asserted their influence beyond the Italian peninsula. And the Rise of Rome as a superpower unleash.