Proxima b: Earth-like planet within habitable zone discovered
Scientist discovered a new Earth like planet. The big thing about this planet is in that it is within the habitable zone. Scientist named Proxima b to the newly discovered planet.
Proxima b is located just four light-years away from the Earth. (one light-year is equal to 9,500,000,000,000 kilometers) Damn its too far. Proxima b is located around the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri. Proxima Centauri is the star nearest to our solar system. The Proxima Centauri is a red dwarf, a small low-mass star, about 4.25 light-years from the Sun in the constellation of Centaurus.
The scientists at ESO (European Southern Observatory) led by British researchers found this planet. This planet is slightly bigger than Earth (1.3 times that of Earth). The orbit of the planet is much closer to its star it is taking only 11 days to complete an orbit. With data from the European Southern Observatory telescope in Chile scientists collected data over 16-years by monitoring shifts in the light from the star to determine presence of the planet.
Ultraviolet rays and X-rays are blasted at the planet by its star which seems like a big hurdle as of now. Scientists are planning to figure out a way to send a robotic probe to the planet in order to see if it fits our needs.
What is Habitable Zone?
The major thing about this planet is in the habitable zone. Habitable zone, is the range of orbits around a star within which a planetary surface can support liquid water given sufficient atmospheric pressure. In other words it is a region of space where conditions are best for life to form as on Earth. In such Planets the possibility of extraterrestrial life is high.
2016 seems like a good year for space expeditions. Many interesting things found like Earth have many magnetic polls, New Horizon journey, A second moon of Earth and more. But the most crucial question “Are we alone?” is still not answered.