Sargon The Great: The King Who Established First Empire in The World
‘Sargon the Great (c. 2334 BC – 2279 BC)’ mostly known as ‘Sargon of Akkad’. He established world’s first real empire in Mesopotamia. Sargon the Great was a Semitic king. Sargon’s vast empire is thought to have included large parts of Mesopotamia, and included parts of modern-day Iran, Asia Minor and Syria. His dynasty controlled Mesopotamia for around a century and a half (150 years).
Very little is known about the Sargon. There are many story of his birth. According to some
historians his real name is Šarru-kin. He was the son of La’ibum and his mother was the priestess in a town on middle of the Euphrates River. But the story of Sargon’s birth and childhood is given in the “Sargon legend”, a Sumerian text purporting to be Sargon’s biography. He was born an illegitimate son of a “changeling”, which could refer to a temple priestess of the goddess Innana and, according to the Sargon Legend never knew his father. When he born his mother put him in a basket and sent him in a basket and put the basket in Euphrates River. Later than a gardener named Akki was a gardener for Ur-Zababa (the king of the Sumerian City of Kish) found him. After that Akki take care of him. He grew up in humble circumstances
After some years suddenly for any unknown reasons, Ur-Zababa appoints Sargon as his cup-bearer. Soon after this, Ur-Zababa invites Sargon to his chambers to discuss a dream of Sargon’s, involving the favor of the goddess Inanna. Ur-Zababa orders Sargon murdered by the hands of Beliš-tikal, the chief smith, but Inanna prevents it, demanding that Sargon stop at the gates because of his being “polluted with blood.” When Sargon returns to Ur-Zababa, the king becomes scared again, and decides to send Sargon to king Lugal-zage-si of Uruk with a message on a clay tablet asking him to slay Sargon. The legend breaks off at this point. This point decried that how Sargon became a king. Nobody knows that how became a king?
So now after coming in power in Kish, then Sargon killed the king of Kish. Sargon soon attacked on Uruk, which was ruled by Lugal-Zage-Si of Umma. He captured Uruk and dismantled its famous walls..!! Then he built a new capital at Akkad. Then his force fought two pitched battles against the Akkadians. At the beginning of Sargon’s region, Lugalzaggesi of Uruk (in present-day Iraq) had already united the independent city-states of Sumer by defeating each in turn; Lugalzaggesi claimed to rule not only the land of the Sumerian city-states, but also those as far west as the Mediterranean, and he had established trade contracts from the Indus Valley to as far away as Crete.
After defecting Lugalzaggesi at Uruk, then he started series of battles, conquered the last of the independent states of Sumer. Subsequently, the charismatic and powerful Akkadians ruler gained control of the Persian Gulf, conquered Elam, and the mountain lands of present-day Iran, Upper Mesotamia, and present-day Syria. Thus his empire stretched from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. Some later legends claimed that he even extended his conquests into Anatolia (present-day Turkey) and across the sea to Crete.
As a result of Sargon’s military prowess and his ability to organize a highly centralized government, as well as the existing commercial ties between the old Sumerian city-states he conquered and other regions, the Akkadians ruler enriched his kingdom with trade. Goods were exchanged with the peoples of the Indus Valley, the coast of Oman, the islands and shores of the Persian Gulf, Badakhshan (near the present-day boarder of Afghanistan and China), the Taurus Mountains, Cappadocia, Crete, and perhaps even Greece. After that he declared war in northwest and east. In the war against northwest he captured Mari, Yarmuti, and Ebla as far as the Cedar Forest (Amanus) and the silver mountain (Taurus). Now because of this the Akkadians Empire was secured for trade routes and supplies of wood and precious metals. In the east he defeated 4 leaders of Elam, led by the king of Awan. He sacked their cities. After all of these the Empire of Akkadians became powerful.
According o one chronology Sargon died around 2215 BC. Then his empire was controlled by his son Rimush. After nine years when he died The Akkadians Empire was handled by another son of Sargon Manishtushu. Both of them ruled very well. Sargon was known for being the first individual in recorded history to have an Empire…!!!